Science is about how we observe events, and how to work out why material things do what they do, then report on findings.
This doesn't need complicated equipment. A practical exercise at the lower levels can use ordinary resources in the kitchen such as water, salt, sugar, cups and paper. The science is how the student observes, works out what is going on, then describes it clearly to answer questions. (IGCSE level Chemistry requires a standard Chemistry kit which can be ordered online.)
Some interesting issues arise on what makes a scientific explanation e.g. exactly why is evolution considered scientific but frost giants are not? How do we know we are thinking scientifically as opposed to mythically? psychologically? or philosophically?
What is causation and what is merely correlation? How do we test a specific situation, to distinguish the two?
The Science syllabi have just recently been completely revised, updated and greatly improved.
First Class (basics)
At this level units are one week only, and mainly focus on the exciting and the dramatic. Or else the ever popular field of animals or health is explored. Topics are wide ranging and unpredictable to stimulate reaction and involvement.
One 1 hour class, and 45 mins homework.
TOPICS: Fire! Energy. States of Matter. Nutrition.Pandas. DNA. Eggs. Colours. Insects. Newton and his Forces. Sleep. Oils. Food Chains. Blood. Cells. Muscles. Dodos. Measurement in Science. What is Science? What is Chemistry? What is Biology? What is Physics? Nuclear Energy. Mouth and Teeth. Exercise. Electricity. Trees. Seasons. Scientific Predictions.
Some of the basics are revisited at greater depth and with more formality.
There are two Science courses at this level. Both explore Biology, Physics and Chemistry and students take both courses. Two class hours a week, and 1 hour homework.
Course I draws from the IGCSE syllabus to prepare the essentials for higher study.
BIOLOGY Variation, Breeding. Respiration, Smoking. Balanced diet. Drinking and overeating. Photosynthesis, Respiration in plants. Pesticides. Greenhouse crops. Fertilisers.
PHYSICS Measuring objects. Density. Speed. Types of forces. Simple electrical circuits. Astronomy. Production of energy. Renewable and non-renewable energy. Pressure and moments. Energy exchanges.
CHEMISTRY Metals and metal compounds. Rate of reactions, patterns of reactivity. Acid Rain, Measuring Pollution, Global warming, Energetic reactions. Kevlar. Vulcanisation.
Changes of mass in reactions.
Course II looks at current events, new research, fun and fantastic facts and statistics, students own request topics. This is not a predictable course as it adapts to the students' individual interests and to current events.
Scholars (IGCSE exams)
At this level students take single subject courses: Biology, Physics, Chemistry. It is most strongly recommended that at least ONE of the student's option subjects be a science course. Students who are not strong in Maths are recommended to take Biology.
BIOLOGY 1 hour a week class and 1 hour 30mins homework.
Nature and Variety of Organisms.
Structures and functions of living organisms.
Reproduction and Inheritance.
Ecology and the environment.
Use of biological resources.
PHYSICS (Requires good maths) 1 hour a week class and 1 hour 30mins homework.
Forces and Motion
Energy resources and energy transfer
Solids, liquids and gases
Magnetism and electromagnetism
Radioactivity and particles
CHEMISTRY (Provided by private tutorials. The student will need a chemistry kit which can be ordered online.) 1 hour a week tutorial and 1 hour 30mins homework.
Principles of Chemistry
The periodic table
Chemistry in Industry
Sciences: Biology, Physics, Chemistry.
Basic topics to excite and involve. Intermediate topics to prepare essentials for IGCSE, and also look at current issues and the fun or fantastic. Single subject courses at IGCSE: biology, Physics, Chemistry.
By Shan, Jul 26, 2013